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Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

http://gielda.wp.pl/POD,6,a,1,b,1,c,11,index.html?P%5Bnumer%
5D=9015183&P%5Bobr%5D=ifx&ticaid=14160

Poland's President Lech Kaczynski Wednesday signed into law a bill
to restrict the construction of super- and hypermarkets, the
president's press office said in a press release.

The construction of a store with retail area in excess of 2,000
square meters will require the approval of the municipal authorities
and the relevant regional legislative body, or sejmik. For stores
with retail area of 400 square meters to 2,000 square meters, a
permit from the municipal authorities will be sufficient.

The law, passed by Parliament on May 11, is due to come into force
within two months.

The law has come under fire from employer groups with the Polish
Confederation of Private Employers Lewiatan (PKPP) promising to ask
the constitutional tribunal to rule on its compatibility with
European Union law.

"At a time when government coalition representatives make public
proposed bills that would supposedly facilitate running businesses
(the so-called Kluska package), coalition MPs pass a law restricting
economic liberty and erecting a fresh administrative barrier," PKPP
wrote in a press release.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

This seems one of the few sensible things he's done. Unlike in Britain (where there are zoning laws about supermarkets concerning monopolies, square footage, and proximity) there have been no such laws in Poland with (certainly in the Warsaw area) some strange results. This can create town planning problems for the future.

On the other hand, where there are three huge supermarkets within a mile of each other, there's always one with no crowds!

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

France has a similar law. This is a good idea.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

I don't agree. I'd say it is aimed at foreign companies. An anti-foreigner law.

All these large hypermarkets are owned by British, French or German companies.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

In fact the whole idea was put forward initially by a female Szczecin politician (PiS or LR) who specifically cited the need to restrict the spread of foreign owned supermarkets like Tesco.

This law has nothing to do with planning concerns.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

I thought they were usually owned by international shareholders these days.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

The idea comes from the PiS finance minister, Teresa Lubinska.

"Asked about retail investment, including investment by Tesco, the British hypermarket chain, Teresa Lubinska said: "Hypermarkets like Tesco are no investment. I mean they are not vital for economic growth," adding that when on Szczecin’s city council she had tried to "chase out" hypermarkets for driving out smaller Polish shops."

"Teresa Lubinska, the recently appointed FM in the new Polish minority government, does not shop at Tesco’s, or any other foreign owned supermarket. She thinks that these sorts of retail outlets are ‘not productive investments’ and Poland should be opening up more of its own stores."

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

"I thought they were usually owned by international shareholders these days. "

Not by Poles .

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

"Law and Justice needs the support of several right wing and populist parties, such as the far-right League of Polish Families, the Peasant’s Party and the radical farmers union, Samoobrona. All those parties have mentioned before how unfair foreign supermarket chains are, as they push the smaller Polish units out of the market by cutting prices and making food cheaper, and offering better service and better produce and a wider choice."

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

There are many anti-tesco people in the UK who think the same way as the lady quoted above. It has developed a very negative reputation here. It's great that Poles have the foresight to stop this before it takes over the markets of all the local producers. Obviously for hypermarkets places like Poland must look like a goldmine. Unexploited virgin markets.... They must be having business planning orgasms.

I was speaking to a suppier a couple of years back - an apple farmer in Worcestershire - who was complaining bitterly about how he was treated when he had an orchard supplying a major supermarket. He said it wasn't worth his while growing the fruit. Half of it was thrown out by the supermarket for not being perfect and he wasn't paid enough for the rest to cover costs of cultivation etc.

I still like going there. Most of the goods seem to have labels in Polish too now

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

Nonsense. Most of these small Polish-owned shops by their stock at Tesco or Netto and resell.

The key point again.

"Law and Justice needs the support of several right wing and populist parties, such as the far-right League of Polish Families, the Peasant’s Party and the radical farmers union, Samoobrona. All those parties have mentioned before how unfair foreign supermarket chains are, as they push the smaller Polish units out of the market by cutting prices and making food cheaper, and offering better service and better produce and a wider choice."

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

Nonsense. Most of these small Polish-owned shops BUY their stock at Tesco or Netto and resell.

The key point again.

"Law and Justice needs the support of several right wing and populist parties, such as the far-right League of Polish Families, the Peasant’s Party and the radical farmers union, Samoobrona. All those parties have mentioned before how unfair foreign supermarket chains are, as they push the smaller Polish units out of the market by cutting prices and making food cheaper, and offering better service and better produce and a wider choice."

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

"Not by Poles "

I guess what I am trying to say is that it's not a conspiracy against particular countries as shareholders could be anywhere. It's maybe anti monopolistic. Why on earth does Poland need Hypermarkets? They are a nice idea until you realise the damage they do to local and global economics. Hence the rise in fair trade products etc.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

One problem is some of the small shops are absolutely dire. I used to live next to a medium sized Polish-owned supermarket which for a month had 14 different types of glass cleaner and no washing-up liquid.

My local shop is really erratic, has questionable hygene standards, isn't self-service so there are always long queues of people who have to ask for everything, and they never, never, have much change in the till.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

Most of these small Polish-owned shops BUY their stock at Tesco or Netto and resell.


Very true!

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

One problem is some of the small shops are absolutely dire. I used to live next to a medium sized Polish-owned supermarket which for a month had 14 different types of glass cleaner and no washing-up liquid.

My local shop is really erratic, has questionable hygene standards, isn't self-service so there are always long queues of people who have to ask for everything, and they never, never, have much change in the till.



Yep.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

"isn't self-service so there are always long queues of people who have to ask for everything"

all shops were like this during communism. You always had to queue and then ask for what you wanted. They did not trust people to browse plus if you were not queuing from 5am you would come out empty handed.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

Planning is a slipshod affair, regardless of which country you're in.
It's local govt, isn't it?

A very simple illustration of this is what has happened in my village - Nowa Wies, Gmina Michalowice.
HURRAH! We're getting nice, new pavements (sidewalks).
BOO! Nobody told the locals - particularly 2 residents who've just had their newly-laid drives ripped up! One was put down the day before the public works commenced.
Local govt

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

Has anyone considered this?

Would the need for approval for the building of new hypermarkets from all these local governmental authorities increase the chance/likelihood of corruption?

Grease the palms of enough local pols and the permits and approval will happen.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

Good point.

And predictably:

EU: Polish Law Restricting Supermarkets May Breach EU Rules

BRUSSELS -(Dow Jones)- The European Commission Wednesday said that a Polish law restricting the growth of large supermarkets in the country could potentially be in breach of European Union law, and that the commission will have a "closer look at it."

Answering questions from the press, the commission spokesman Oliver Drewes said that the commission hadn't launched an investigation into the Polish legislation, but he said: "it is on our radar screens. We will certainly have a closer look at it."

The measure, signed into law by Polish President Lech Kaczynski on July 11, requires investors to navigate a several-stage approvals process to open any store larger than 400 square meters.

The law is aimed at curbing the expansion of foreign hypermarket chains in Poland and was sponsored by the agrarian populist Samoobrona party, a minority partner in the ruling center-right coalition.

However, Polish retailers have also complained bitterly against the restrictions, which they say will hit furniture stores, auto dealerships, and other outlets requiring large showroom space.


NASDAQ.com

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

The current government have the combined intellect of a fluffy pet rabbit.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

Well brown is quite fluffy, but prescott is more furry....

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

I don't like his politics, but Brown is no intellectual lightweight. Quite the opposite.

Re: Polish president signs into law bill to restrict construction of super- and hypermarkets

Blair and Brown are dim, but not intelligent enough to recognise their intellectual failings.

1.
D'oh, let's have an integrated computer system for the NHS that no-one wants or needs. It won't work and will cost GBP 12 billion.
2.
D'oh, let's build schools and hospitals using ill-thought out public finance initiatives that cost 6 or 7 times more in real terms in the long run.
3.
D'oh, Metronet.
4.
D'oh, costing the London Olympics.
5.
D'oh, we'll influence George Bush by doing absolutely everything he says even when we can see it's a disaster.