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Sodium triacetoxy-borohydride | 56553-60-7| lifechem pharma

Sodium triacetoxyborohydride (STAB) is a versatile reducing agent widely used in organic synthesis for the selective reduction of various functional groups. Here's a detailed overview of its properties, synthesis, and applications:

1. Chemical Structure and Properties:
Sodium Triacetoxyborohydride has the chemical formula NaBH(OAc)₃, where OAc represents the acetate group (-OOCCH₃).
• It is a white to off-white crystalline powder that is soluble in polar solvents such as water, alcohols, and acetone.
• The reagent is moisture-sensitive and should be stored in a dry environment to prevent decomposition.

2. Synthesis:
• Sodium triacetoxyborohydride is typically prepared by the reaction of sodium borohydride (NaBH₄) with acetic anhydride (Ac₂O) in the presence of a boron trifluoride catalyst.
• The reaction proceeds through the formation of an intermediate boronate complex, which undergoes further acetylation to yield sodium triacetoxyborohydride.

3. Reducing Properties:
• STAB is a mild and selective reducing agent commonly used for the reduction of various functional groups, including ketones, aldehydes, imines, and epoxides.
• It exhibits higher chemoselectivity compared to other common reducing agents such as lithium aluminum hydride (LiAlH₄) and sodium borohydride (NaBH₄), making it particularly useful for complex molecule synthesis.